Water Sanitation and Hygiene

Building the capacity of our beneficiaries to access water resource and manage water supply systems at the same time improve sanitation facilities and hygiene education levels among beneficiaries.

Water sanitation and Hygiene

Water sanitation and Hygiene

Water sanitation and Hygiene

Since its inception in 1991, Bani’Adam has always been in the forefront addressing the WASH needs of the host communities and IDPs in South Central Somalia. From 1991, Somalia has been on a downward spin in terms of service provision since there is no functional Government. The over two decade conflict resulted to deterioration of the water and sanitation situation across Somalia rendering communities’ social structures and coping mechanisms non-functional. The continued internal displacement of population adds increasing pressure on an already overextended WASH infrastructure.

Rains over the last ten years have been lower than normal and their patterns unpredictable, adding climate change to the list of challenges facing Somalia. Water Sanitation and Hygiene programme is among the main sector focus of Bani’Adam. The WASH program aims at enhancing the capacity of communities to access water resource, manage systems effectively and efficiently, sustaining existing services and expanding services to the unserved, promoting correct hygiene education to target communities in emergence situations.

Bani’Adam working with various partners in different regions of South Central Somalia employs innovative tools and approaches in all WASH programs starting with planning, delivery, evaluation and sustainability. These closely-linked projects both address the problems of waterborne diseases like water access, sanitation, and AWD/cholera and hygiene promotion. The programs implemented always help to build sustainable water supply and distribution systems in urban and rural areas, while ensuring access for the most vulnerable IDP and host communities’ households. Specific social mobilization campaigns are carried out through hygiene promotion training and education focusing on the five main domains of hygiene. International standards in emergencies like the SPHERE, Good Enough Guide are adhered to in all activities implemented

Baniadam sets the pace in providing sustainable water supply systems to communities in South Central Somalia

Water sanitation and Hygiene

Water sanitation and Hygiene

Water sanitation and Hygiene

Water sanitation and Hygiene

For the last five years, Baniadam Relief and Development, working closely with communities and some of the strategic partners like Norwegian Church Aid (NCA), Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) and CHF has pioneered the use of innovative water technologies to provide affordable and sustainable water supply to thousands of households living in IDP settlements inside the capital city Mogadishu and communities living in different districts of Lower Shabelle. Due to huge security challenges and to avoid dependency by communities, Baniadam uses community managed project approach, where by the community initiates, plans, manages, monitors and evaluates the projects. The community is put at the centre as the main actor; Baniadam only plays the role of a facilitator. The main aim of using this approach is to empower the target communities to make informed choices, plan, manage, identify, use and control the water supply infrastructure installed to serve them.

Although our water supply systems draw water from deep wells, effort is made to ensure that the water sources are not over-exploited by having storage facilities and controlled use, facilities are maintained in a condition which ensures a reliable and adequate water supply, the benefits of the supply continue to be realized by all users over a prolonged period of time, and the service delivery process demonstrates a cost-effective use of resources that can be replicated.

Although our water supply systems draw water from deep wells, effort is made to ensure that the water sources are not over-exploited by having storage facilities and controlled use, facilities are maintained in a condition which ensures a reliable and adequate water supply, the benefits of the supply continue to be realized by all users over a prolonged period of time, and the service delivery process demonstrates a cost-effective use of resources that can be replicated.

All our water supply projects meet the threshold of being sustainable since the installed facilities are operational and benefits all the users, the facilities are technically in good condition as well as the environment around the facilities, so that it always delivers a satisfying color, quantity and quality of water at an accepted distance to all the intended beneficiaries. Facilities are well maintained; this means that most of the spare parts, tools and means to keep the system operational are available in the community that capable and available caretakers know and fulfil their responsibilities, so that facilities are monitored and cleaned regularly. Finances are well managed; this means that a capable and trusted water management committee has been elected by the community and is institutionalized so that they can set an appropriate tariff system that covers administrative, operation, maintenance and replacement costs (based on the cost-sharing arrangements), so that fees are collected and finances accounted, managed and controlled, so that facilities continue to function over a prolonged period of time.

As we begin 2016, we intend to replicate similar projects in other parts of Lower Shabelle. With appropriate technology, which involves quality of design and construction and the possibilities to maintain the technology, participation, which involves the degree to which all community members contribute and are involved in execution, decision-making, costs and benefits and training, which involves awareness at household level and competences at committee level to keep the system operational the systems shall change lives of communities in regard to water access.

Currenttly water supply systems by Baniadam cover over ten districts from Hodan in Banadir to Kurtunwarey districts in Lower Shabelle.

Giving communities a Chance
Sanitation

Water sanitation and Hygiene

The prime focus of the sanitation component of all Bani’Adam programs is the promotion of construction and use of IDPs and host communities’ latrines. Construction of latrines is linked to improvement of public health and reduction of diseases. At the present, all Bani’Adam programs provide technical and material support for construction of gender sensitive household toilets with hardware. Community participation is sought, where in some instances, local construction materials such as sand and gravel are supplied by all the households interested in having the pit latrines while the program supplies reinforcing iron bar and skilled labor to make the slab. The host community households dig the pits and construct the superstructure using local materials. In IDP settlements because of high levels of vulnerability, Bani’Adam provides all materials plus labor until the latrines are ready for use at ratio of 3.3 HHs per drop hole.

Hygiene Promotion Training

Water sanitation and Hygiene

Water sanitation and Hygiene

Hygiene education is an important component of all the Bani’Adam WASH projects, aiming at promoting conditions and practices that help to improve the health status of target populations by preventing water borne and sanitation related diseases. Hygiene promotion activities of the projects are usually meant to maximize the potential benefits of improved water and sanitation facilities provided. Hygiene promotion training help users appreciate the need for the proper O&M of facilities and create a willingness to contribute to their costs when the program is complete. Qualitative evidence from evaluation reports always provide a positive correlation between awareness of the health and other social benefits of improved facilities and a commitment to their proper upkeep, expressed through payment of fees for water services and routine maintenance of latrines by user households in different regions we are working in.

Sustainability

All Bani’Adam WASH projects, active participation of both IDP and host communities in project planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation highly adhered to. Communities particularly contribute in decision making, actual construction activities through provision of in-kind (labor and material). Using this approach always helps to develop a sense of post- implementation ownership and management responsibility. This can be witnessed in all Bani’Adam WASH programs. Training of WES committee members and water point attendants is also a major aspect of overall program sustainability.

Snapshot of Bani’Adam Water and Sanitaion